The islands of Hawaii all owe their entire existence to volcanic activity. Kilauea, a shield volcano located on the big island of Hawai’i, is Hawaii’s most active volcano in recorded history. Even though it had been erupting continuously since 1983, Kilauea made big news headlines in 2018 when it entered a more dramatic eruptive phase.
Mt. Etna’s history is long and complex. Its first recorded eruption was in 1,500 BCE, thought to be the first volcanic eruption ever written about. Mt. Etna has erupted at least 200 times since then, including some significant volcanic activity just last month.
In 2010, the eruption of Eyjafjallajökull produced an immense ash cloud that grounded airline travel and shipping all over Europe, canceling over 100,000 flights. Inconvenienced travelers were stranded in airports for days and the airline industry lost over $1 billion in revenue.
Mt. Pelee's claim to fame, if you will, was the violent eruption of 1902 which killed nearly 30,000 people and destroyed the nearby city of St. Pierre, considered at the time to be the “Paris of the Caribbean.”
What do you remember about 1991? Maybe it’s watching "Hook" or "Point Break" - but many of us might remember the eruption of Mount Pinatubo. Tens to hundreds of times larger than the 1980 eruption of Mt. St. Helens, Mount Pinatubo’s 1991 eruption was the second largest volcanic eruption of the 20th century.